What Causes Balance Issues in Adults?

Your body is made of several systems that work together to keep you steady on your feet. Unfortunately, if even one of those systems isn’t functioning properly, you may experience problems with balance. In fact, several medical conditions, including neurological diseases can cause balance issues in adults.

The symptoms associated with balance problems can vary, depending on the medical problem you’re dealing with. They can include confusion, faintness, vertigo, or even blurry vision. If you notice any of these issues, be sure to speak to your doctor to determine the cause.

Regardless of the cause, there is likely some sort of treatment for balance issues. These can include physical therapy, exercise, and dietary changes, medication, surgery. If you’re experiencing balance issues, speak to a medical professional to find the cause and discuss possible treatment options.

Let’s take a look at some common causes of balance issues and how to remedy them.

Causes Of Balance Issues in Adults

One of the most common causes of balance disorders is inner ear problems. The vestibular system, also called the labyrinth, can become swollen or infected, leading to dizziness or a loss of balance.

Vertigo is another medical condition that causes balance issues in adults. Those with this condition also suffer from dizziness, though this occurs whenever they move their head. The symptoms are worst when looking up or behind you.

Nurse holding hands and giving support to a woman suffering from balance issues.

Arthritis can weaken the joints in your body, causing stiffness, pain, and muscle weakness around the affected area. As the disease progresses, you may experience difficulty maintaining your balance.

Several other medical conditions can cause balance issues in adults. These can include high or low blood pressure, poor circulation, depression, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, strokes, and migraines. Meniere’s disease causes sudden, severe vertigo, while acoustic neuroma is a slow-growing benign tumor that affects hearing and balance. Motion sickness from traveling by car, plane, or boat can also cause balance issues, as can any type of head injury.

Though they are intended to help with any medical conditions you may have, some medications can have unexpected side effects. One of these could be balance issues, like dizziness or light-headedness. It isn’t recommended to drive or handle any heavy machinery when using these medications for this reason.

How to fix balance issues

The treatment and prevention of balance issues in adults depends on the cause of the problem. For instance, those on medications causing dizziness could have the dosage looked at or a new type prescribed. Some medications are used temporarily, so even if they do cause balance problems, it is only for a limited time.

High blood pressure can be managed by altering your diet to reduce your salt intake. Maintaining a healthy weight and adding exercise to your routine are also recommended. Those with low blood pressure can drink more water, avoid alcohol, and adjust their posture and movements.

Health conditions like multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s, strokes, migraines, or ear infections all have treatment options available. Though some conditions are chronic or incurable, treatment can slow the progression while reducing balance issues and other symptoms.

This article contains informational and educational materials and does not replace health or medical advice. For questions or concerns regarding your medical condition or health objectives, speak to a qualified physician or healthcare provider.