Different Types Of Infectious Diseases: Signs And Symptoms

Viruses and bacteria are everywhere, though over millennia our immune system has learnt to protect us from them. However, if our immune system is compromised, or we ignore personal hygiene norms, we may become more vulnerable to them. One of the most common types of infectious diseases is influenza. But there are many others in the environment, some of them dangerous to humans. And the situation gets more complicated when a person’s health is affected by more than one virus or bacteria.

What Is an Infectious Disease?

Different types of infectious diseases are caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi and may be passed from person to person. Insects or other animals, including pets, may transmit infectious diseases to humans. A third way you can get an infectious disease is from consuming contaminated food or water.

Human body surrounded by different types of infectious diseases

Types and Signs Of Infectious Diseases

Infections caused by germs are called bacterial infections and include urinary tract infections, tuberculosis and strep throat. Viruses are even smaller than bacteria and cause infectious diseases, including AIDS and the common cold.

Many skin diseases such as athlete’s foot are caused by fungi and can be passed from human to human. Other types of fungi can attack your lungs or nervous system.

Parasites such as mosquitoes can give you infectious diseases like dengue fever or malaria. Animal feces can be a source of parasites that transmit diseases to humans.

There are many types of infectious diseases and each has its own specific signs and symptoms. However, there are some common general signs and symptoms of infectious diseases. These include fever, diarrhea, fatigue, muscle aches and coughing.

See A Doctor

Talk to your doctor if you have any of the above symptoms or if you suddenly feel unwell. If you’ve been coughing for more than a few days, or are having trouble breathing, seek medical advice. Do the same if you have a rash, swelling, prolonged fever or vision problems. You may be suffering from one of the many types of infectious diseases.

We at Fairview Rehab & Nursing Home in Queens, NY provide top-quality rehab and care for people recovering from infectious diseases. Our skilled doctors are on hand to advise on medication and your care plan to avoid complications caused by viruses or bacteria.

Don’t hesitate to contact us if you would like to learn more about the infectious disease care and treatment we offer.